Wednesday, 6 January 2016

How To Reduce Risk Of Oral Cancer From Oral Sex

Health, Cancer, Oral Sex

HPV has been implicated in oral cancer resulting from oral sex. Here are some useful information you need to know.
Most HPV found in the mouth are almost entirely sexually transmitted, so it's likely that oral sex is the primary source of infection. Some can be passed on through skin-to-skin contact and cause warts like genital warts.
Most sexually active people will have been exposed to either high- or low-risk genital HPV types in their life time, but only very few of these people develop visible genital warts. So most of us have been infected, but few are affected.

 Evidence suggest that, for some oral cancers, risk factors may be linked to sexual behaviour. These risk factors include:  
  • ever having oral sex
  • having oral sex with four or more people in your lifetime 

 Some research looked at the possible risks from giving oral sex to a man compared to giving oral sex to a woman. It is known that HPV-related oral cancer is more common in men than in women.

Health, Oral Sex, Cancer

It implies that performing oral sex on a woman is more risky than performing oral sex on a man. Although the concentration of HPV in the thinner, moist skin of the vulva is much higher than the amounts of virus shed from the thicker, dry skin of the penis, and it shows the ease at which the virus can be passed on. Research also indicates that HPV can be present in semen and passed on at ejaculation.

Some other infections spread via oral sex, including herpes, chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhoea, so it makes sense to protect yourself and your sexual partner by practising safer oral sex.

How does HPV cause cancer?
HPV does result in cancer, but it causes changes in the cells of the throat and these cells can then become cancerous.
Although few people infected with HPV will develop cancer. In most cases, the infection is cleared naturally by the body within two years.
Are You Worried ?
If you're worried about oral cancer, you need to look out for the signs and symptoms. Early diagnosis is easier to treat, but in most cases half of these cancers are diagnosed when the disease has already spread within the neck. See your doctor if you have any concerns.
Here are some symptoms of oral cancer :
  • Patches on your tongue or the lining of your mouth ( Red or Red-White)
  • Mouth ulcers that do not heal after three weeks ( One or More Mouth Ulcers)
  • Any swelling in your mouth that lasts for more than three weeks
  • Painful swallowing
  • Feeling like something is stuck in your throat.
Adopting Healthy Sexual Habits Reduces Your Risk:
--You can avoid oral sex completely.
--If you choose to have oral sex you can make it safer by using a condom on a man’s penis. For men,   you can place a thin soft plastic across a woman’s genitals. Both can reduce the risk of infection.
--Avoid having oral sex with four or more people in your life time.

Does HPV Vaccine Protect Against Oral Cancer?
There is no definitive proof that the vaccine protects against oral cancer, but since HPV causes mouth, throat and anal cancer in the same way that it causes cervical cancer, it is believed that it does help to protect against oral cancer.
It is important to note that vaccination given only to women will not be of benefit to men who have sex with men. However, men who have sex with men are at more risk of having anal cancer linked to HPV infection.